71 years ago, the great American philosopher John Dewey wrote in his book Education and Experience (1938; p.26):
How many students, for example, were rendered callous to ideas, and how many lost the impetus to learn because of the way which learning was experienced by them? How many of them acquired special skills be means of automated drill so that their power of judgement and capacity to act intelligently in new situations was limited? How many came to associate the learning process with ennui and boredom? How many found what they did learn so foreign to the situations of life outside school as to give them no power of control over the latter? How many came to associate books with dull drudgery, so that they were ‘conditioned’ to all but flashy reading material?